来源：新航道 浏览：0 发布日期：2017-08-08 14:08
Climate change is a phenomenon that affects countries all over the world. Many people strongly believe that it is the responsibility of individuals, rather than corporations and governments, to deal with this problem. To what extent do you agree?
关键词： climate change, responsibility- individuals, corporations, government
Climate change is perhaps the most profound（=extreme 强烈的，极度的） challenge （好词-注意形容词修饰搭配）ever to have confronted human social, political, and economic systems. (confront - to face, meet or deal with a difficult situation or person - 面对，面临，遭遇- confront with/by sth)
The social problem‐solving mechanisms（体制，结构方式- 社会问题的应对机制） we currently possess（to have or own sth- 拥有，具有）were not designed, and have not evolved（进化）, to cope with anything like an interlinked set of problems(相关联的问题- 指气候问题复杂多样，影响面广，牵扯诸多国家，诸多行业） of this severity, scale, and complexity. （我们现有的社会问题应对机制并没有经过精心设计，或是进化到足以解决像气候变化这样如此严重，涉及面广，复杂的问题。
Take public transport instead of the car or, for longer journeys, the train rather than fly.
Eat less meat and more vegetables, pulses and grains, and don’t forget to turn off the light when leaving a room or the water when shampooing.
A recent report found that just 100 companies are responsible for 71% of global emissions since 1988. Incredibly, a mere 25 corporations and state-owned entities were responsible for more than half of global industrial emissions in that same period. （来源，美国在线期刊The Conversation)
Most of these are coal and oil producing companies and include ExxonMobil, Shell, BP, Chevron, Gazprom, and the Saudi Arabian Oil Company. （你可以用来举例子，做举例论证）
Governments have the power to enact（动词-实施，制定，尤其指法律方面） legislation（法律，立法）which could regulate industries to remain within sustainable（可持续的） emission（排放） limits （限制）and adhere（与后面standards相搭配，符合标准）to environmental protection standards.
Governments could also make renewable（能源可再生） energy generation, from sources such as solar panels and wind turbines, affordable to all consumers through subsidies（补助金，津贴）. Affordable and low-carbon mass transportation must replace emission-heavy means of travel, such as planes and cars.（注意政府这两段文字中的词汇搭配非常地道，生词可以背诵一下，咱们雅思写作考试中有不少问政府，公司，个人谁负责的题目，在写政府责任时，可以使用）
While individuals may have a role to play, appealing to individual virtues for addressing climate change is something akin（=similar - 相似的，类似的）to victim-blaming（责备受害者） because it shifts the burden from those who ought to act（应当承担责任，做出行动的人） to those who are most likely to be affected（最容易受到影响的人）by climate change. A far more just and effective approach would be to hold those who are responsible for climate change accountable for their actions.
Climate change is a very real danger that threatens not only our lives but also the quality of life of future generations. （可用句型： .... is a very serious problem that influencing not only …. but also …) To combat this I strongly disagree that individuals need to take responsibility because governments, in cooperation with private companies have both a greater responsibility and capacity in this matter.
(开头段：1句引入+非常清晰的表明观点- 记住agree or disagree的文章，开头一定要非常清晰的给出你自己的立场，不可以含糊不清）
Climate change cannot simply be the responsibility of private citizens because they do not have the ability to affect large systemic changes in the way that governments in conjunction with corporations do. People can only contribute in small ways; for every person who recycles there are several people who do not and there is no certain way to change this. Governments, on the other hand, can enact legislation requiring both individuals and large corporations to abide(动词-遵守） by certain restrictions. Laws for corporations are the real solution as they contribute by far the most to climate change and by reducing how much waste produced and how they treat that waste, climate change can be seriously countered.
The second reason governments should be responsible for combating climate change is that governments are responsible for global problems while individuals should only have to deal with local and personal problems. A person should only concern themselves with their job and personal life because that is the extent of their responsibility. Governments are responsible for various things related to their citizens including security, health care in some cases, and education. Included in security is the environment because it impacts citizen’s well-being; therefore this falls under the remit of governmental responsibility.
Individuals will never be able to have the effect government will and it is not their responsibility at any rate. In my opinion, governments, by taking measures to rein in corporate and private waste are taking up their rightful burden.