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雅思大作文范文分析——工作满意度与稳定性

作者: 2020-05-11 16:48 来源:大连编辑
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Some people argue that job satisfaction is more important than job security, while others believe that they cannot always expect job satisfaction and a permanent job is more important.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

翻译: 一些人认为工作满意度比工作保障更重要,而另一些人则认为不能总是对工作满意度报以期望,一份永久性的工作更重要。
讨论这两种观点并给出自己的看法。

话题: 社会类-求职工作

类型:讨论双边

关键词:job satisfaction,job security,a permanent job

解析:

本题是对工作满意度和工作稳定度的讨论。

其实就很像我们国内很多小伙伴挣扎是找体制里的工作还是找体制外更加自由,有挑战,但随时可能会被辞退的工作。

在国外,很多的员工现在也很跳,离职去寻找更加令自己满意的工作。2018年,英国Cygent Jobs公司对1001名英国人进行了调查,调查结果显示有57%的人会因为工作不满意,想要找到更满意的工作而离职。

这些表明会因工作满意度离职的人员中,33%想要一个回馈度更高的工作(a more rewarding job), 22%认为他们的努力工作没有得到应有的赏识 (they didn’t feel their hard work was appreciated), 还有18%认为他们的工作对世界没有影响力(they didn’t get a sense that the work they did actually having an impact on the world) …….

另外稳定且终身的工作很容易让人产生安逸感,除了自己工作范围内的职责不会太去探索新鲜的事物(holding down the same job for a long time does not develop the growth in one’s career prospect and even they are not aware of the new ideas, the latest technology of other organizations. )

即便如此,拥有一个长期性的工作对人们也是十分有益的( Having permanent jobs is very beneficial for people.)一个稳定长期的工作可以带给人们一种稳定感,可以让员工生活无忧(a permanent job makes a stable and carefree life as well as financial support to the employee.)

尤其是对一些有生活压力的人,如果过于追求满意的工作,可能会让他们失去稳定的收益,没有安全感,增加心理负担。

小编自己在体制内外都有工作过,在体制内时生活其实并不像大家想的那样轻松,简单,也是很辛苦的,一天从早忙到晚,但好处是,你做不完没做好,问题也不大,谁也不能拿你怎么样。

另外体制内的生活很像大家族,你的起居坐卧,家人朋友,婚姻状况,都会被同事和领导所关照……很安逸,很温馨,也辛苦,但是的确人容易松懈,容易局限眼光,还稍微有一点一眼望到头。当然如果你是一个很求上进的人,也可以自己发展培养自己的其他能力。

到体制外工作后,感觉每天都在接触新鲜的人,做有挑战的事情,同事老板都很有才也很拼命,你能看到自己努力得到肯定,但你不努力就会被降薪甚至辞退,压力很大,但很有趣,选择更多,眼界也因此放宽,但真的有时候收入会很不稳定,熬夜加班的时候也经常有。

所以job satisfaction,job security真的各有利弊,你当然可以兼得,如果你足够努力还有那么一点幸运。

另外这两者其实也有一定的关联性,如果你的工作太不稳定了,你的满意度也会下降的(Job satisfaction levels decrease when an employee feels threatened by a lack of job security. A worker is filled with feelings of discontent and uncertainty when his future at the company is uncertain, which leads to resentment.)

好啦,咱们一起来看一下今天的范文怎么说:

范文分析:

Some make the pragmatic argument(= practical reasons) that in an uncertain job market, security ought to(应该被)  be valued over satisfaction. In my opinion, those with families cannot be reproached(=questioned) for this view but it is generally more important to enjoy your job and spread goodwill.(= make other people happy)

1.  开头:话题引入+自己观点给出

2.  大家有没有注意到,本篇文章的作者很会“设条件” 比如:在uncertain job market 中稳定度比满意度重要,对有家庭的人(with families)而言,他们这么想没问题- 这样设定条件有两个好处:1.丰富了自己的写作素材  2. 更加严谨的逻辑更有说服力。

3.  可以学习使用的句型:some make the pragmatic argument that…一些人给出非常现实的原因,论证… 例如:Some make the pragmatic argument that without installing the required infrastructure for broadband internet in rural areas, online education can hardly replace traditional schooling.

Workers with dependents(名词:家属- 有家属的员工) rightly value a consistent paycheck(=steady employment,稳定的工作,有稳定持续收益的工作) and benefits over all other factors. (意思为:有家庭的员工一般都认为工作能提供持续性收益最重要)观点 If someone is just starting out(=beginning) in a labour of love(something you have passion for – 一份自己喜爱的工作) such as becoming an artist, they may struggle initially to bring home enough money to make ends meet(earn just enough) every month.举例 They might not be able to send their children to good schools, live in a good neighborhood, and keep everyone in the house reasonably well clothed and fed(确保每个人的温饱). 为例子提供更多细节支撑Even if they can manage that, it will place incredible mental stress(place incredible stress on = put a lot of pressure on- 给予巨大压力)  on not only them but also their spouse and children. Research has shown these deeply ingrained anxieties(心理压力焦虑,心灵创伤=psychological trauma) from childhood can persist throughout adulthood. 陈述更多的后果,对后果进行延伸

(主体1段:论证有家庭的人如果过于关注job satisfaction会造成的后果- 主要论证的为对家庭的不良影响,值得学些的点是论证的非常充分)

It is nonetheless more important to pursue a job that is fulfilling. 观点The vast majority of the world dislikes their job and a large percentage of these people have difficulty reconciling (=make consistent 调节,应对) their frustrations with their day-to-day temperament(就是daily mood-每天的心情的替换性说法). 解释An unhappy employee is more likely to be short(注意这里不是短缺的意思,是rude,angry with的意思,指不开心的员工更容易和同事生气,抱怨朋友等) with co-workers, complain to friends, and resent(动词:怨恨,埋怨) their family for the burden they must shoulder for their welfare. 举例 More of this persons daily interactions will be negative and this adds up over years to create the greatest global repository of ill will (=stores up a lot of hostility 可以理解为”怨气堆积”…哈哈,意思就是这些员工每天都不高兴,每一天和周边人的交流都很负能量,日复一日就会令这个人充满怨恨,对社会的不满以及对生活的无望). 例子展开Free up(=allow for- 允许这些人释放自己,做自己想做的工作) the same person to enjoy their job and there is a strong chance they will suddenly brighten the days of those around them. 结果

(主体2段写,忽视job satisfaction的弊端,和上一段一样,这一段进行了非常详尽的展开。开头一句topic sentence,后面很详细的描述了人如果一直从事不喜欢的工作会出现的心理问题及后果,最后一句很精彩的一反转,说出,如果让他们做喜欢做的工作这些问题就迎刃而解了)

Overall, fomenting good humour(= creating happy interactions) is more important and only in very rare family situations should an individual persist in a job for its stability. Many recognise this once it is too late and they already have an expensive lifestyle to maintain(costs a lot for rent, expenses,很多人有租金,房贷啊等等) or their best working years are behind them.

(结尾段:第一句总结上文,做喜欢工作的重要性和有家庭的时候的特殊性。第二句是一个延伸感叹,很多人都意识到的太晚了,意识到时已经身负重压了)

这篇文章高分有两个要素

1.  展开的真的很具体,很到位,把一个事情掰开揉碎了说,采取的是考官们很喜欢的:观点-解释-举例-展开 的结构。值得仿写- 大家可以分析他每一句的作用,然后仿照文章的逻辑自己写一个段落进行论证。

2.  词汇:词汇有优势,里面是使用了很多地道的词伙,我在文中标黑的部分,尤其是划了横线的部分大家记下来背诵一下。

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